Analysis of the hemostatic therapy in liver transplantation guided by rotational thromboelastometry or conventional laboratory tests

Background Coagulopathy is quite common in chronic liver disease patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Diagnosis of intraoperative bleeding disorders is based on conventional laboratory tests (CLTs), and thus, the patients are frequently exposed to unnecessary transfusions of blood products. The present study aimed to analyze the intraoperative administration of blood products in patients undergoing OLT, using rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) or CLTs.Patients and methods A cohort comprising 153 patients undergoing OLT, of whom 82 were evaluated with ROTEM and 71 by CLTs. Both groups were analyzed intraoperatively: the transfusion of blood products.Results The incidence of patients transfused with cryoprecipitate (CRYO) and/or fibrinogen concentrate (54.9 vs. 19.7%; P?0.001) and prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) (32.9 vs. 9.9%; P?=?0.008) increased significantly in the ROTEM group than in CLT group, respectively. The amount of transfused patient with CRYO (7.6 vs. 1.2; P?0.001), fibrinogen concentrate (0.8 vs. 0.2; P?=?0.004) and PCC (1.4 vs. 0.2; P?=?0.002) increased significantly in the ROTEM group than in the CLT group, respectively. In the analysis of fresh–frozen plasma (FFP), the incidence of transfused patients was significantly higher in the CLT group than in the ROTEM group (46.5 vs. 30.5%; P?=?0.047, respectively), with a moderate correlation with red blood cells transfusion (r?=?0.67, P?0.001). The incidence of patients receiving antifibrinolytics was significantly higher in the CLT group than in the ROTEM group (85.9 vs. 47.6%; P?0.001, respectively).Conclusion Transfusion protocol-based thromboelastometry was able to guide administration of hemostatic factors and reduced administration of FFP and antifibrinolytics.